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General Category => Programming => Topic started by: roudoudou on 18:38, 18 September 16

Title: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 18:38, 18 September 16


update!

new cruncher variant LZ49, crunch better (average 10%) when used with more data
bugfix both crunchers when match/literal length equal to 270+255*n
bugfix Z80 cruncher: wrong size displayed when using more than one bank
bugfix Z80 cruncher: almost infinite loop when last key end in the last 3 bytes, or end the data

-----------



Hi!
I wrote a new compression format, freely inspired by LZ4 format (thanks to Yann Collet again)
The few modifications suits well to the Z80
The format was designed and modified to fit the decompression routine
Now it's optimised for size and speed
The decompression routine fit in 83 bytes and there is an ultra-short version (you lose some Nops)
Crunching routine is a little slow as matchkey may have an unlimited length
I will release in a few weeks max a C source code if people want to cross-crunch


Here is the format
(http://reho.st/self/7960e49dea09140879501b735524571f96b27606.png)

 Token definition: contains both literal and match length information
4 high-bits: literal length 0-15
if length=15 then read one Literal length extended byte (value 0-255) and add to current literal length
if literal length extended byte=255 then read another one, etc.

 
4 low-bits: match length 0-15
if length=15 then read one Match length extended byte (value 0-255) and add to current match length
if match length extended byte=255 then read another one, etc.

 
THEN add 3 to the final match length, because it is the minimal length

 

 
Offset definition: absolute distance to match value -1
if you want to copy from previous byte, then offset value is 0
if you want to copy 5 bytes far, then offset value is 4
if you want to copy 255 bytes far, then offset value is 254
if you want to END the file, then offset value is 255

 
I will release soon (don't know when) a C source file with an brutforce key search, design to run in a computer with moar memory ;)

You may play with crunching/decrunching routine

The crunching routine read data to compress from central memory and put compressed data in extension C4/C5/C6/C7


---------------------

(http://reho.st/self/b7b4a3d2fb09a85c81a451e593aecdadd90b7032.png)

Changes:

1st high-bit of token is an extra offset range (set when offset>255)
Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: SRS on 00:27, 19 September 16
Now this will be cool - a x86 cruncher (to work with sdcc etc.)  and and small and fast decruncher on CPC.
Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 22:23, 19 September 16
Now this will be cool - a x86 cruncher (to work with sdcc etc.)  and and small and fast decruncher on CPC.


Here is the C source file, i tested it a little, should work (hope so)


Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 12:31, 20 September 16
I noticed a bug when literal or match length is 270+255*n with crunchers. Will fix this.
Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 14:42, 20 September 16
I noticed a bug when literal or match length is 270+255*n with crunchers. Will fix this.


First post updated with fixed versions of Z80 & C cruncher


I also found a bug with displayed output size (Z80 cruncher) when output size uses more than one BANK. Fixed too.


Happy crunching!
Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: Gryzor on 14:58, 20 September 16
Spoiler: show
Screenshot?
Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: SRS on 21:54, 20 September 16
This works with dev-cpp and win64:

Code: [Select]
/* LZ48 simple C source file / crappy version by roudoudou - Flower Corp. 2016 */

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<malloc.h>

int LZ48_encode_extended_length(unsigned char *odata, int length) {
    int ioutput=0;

    while (length>=255) {
        odata[ioutput++]=0xFF;
        length-=255;
    }
    /* if the last value is 255 we must encode 0 to end extended length */
    odata[ioutput++]=length;
    return ioutput;
}

int LZ48_encode_block(unsigned char *odata,unsigned char *data, int literaloffset,int literalcpt,int offset,int maxlength) {
    int ioutput=1;
    int token=0;
    int i;

    if (offset<0 || offset>255) {
        fprintf(stderr,"internal offset error!");
        exit(-2);
    }

    if (literalcpt<15) {
        token=literalcpt<<4;
    } else {
        token=0xF0;
        ioutput+=LZ48_encode_extended_length(odata+ioutput,literalcpt-15);
    }

    for (i=0; i<literalcpt; i++) odata[ioutput++]=data[literaloffset++];

    if (maxlength<18) {
        if (maxlength>2) {
            token|=(maxlength-3);
        } else {
            /* endoffset has no length */
        }
    } else {
        token|=0xF;
        ioutput+=LZ48_encode_extended_length(odata+ioutput,maxlength-18);
    }

    odata[ioutput++]=offset-1;

    odata[0]=token;
    return ioutput;
}

unsigned char *LZ48_encode(unsigned char *data, int length, int *retlength) {
    int i,startscan,current=1,token,ioutput=1,curscan;
    int maxoffset,maxlength,matchlength,literal=0,literaloffset=1;
    unsigned char *odata=NULL;

    if (!length) return NULL;

    odata=(unsigned char*) malloc(length*1.1);
    if (!odata) {
        fprintf(stderr,"memory full");
        exit(-1);
    }

    /* first byte always literal */
    odata[0]=data[0];

    /* force short data encoding */
    if (length<5) {
        token=(length-1)<<4;
        odata[ioutput++]=token;
        for (i=1; i<length; i++) odata[ioutput++]=data[current++];
        odata[ioutput++]=0xFF;
        *retlength=ioutput;
        return odata;
    }

    while (current<length) {
        maxlength=0;
        startscan=current-255;
        if (startscan<0) startscan=0;
        while (startscan<current) {
            matchlength=0;
            curscan=current;
            for (i=startscan; curscan<length; i++) {
                if (data[i]==data[curscan++]) matchlength++;
                else break;
            }
            if (matchlength>=3 && matchlength>maxlength) {
                maxoffset=startscan;
                maxlength=matchlength;
            }
            startscan++;
        }
        if (maxlength) {
            ioutput+=LZ48_encode_block(odata+ioutput,data,literaloffset,literal,current-maxoffset,maxlength);
            current+=maxlength;
            literaloffset=current;
            literal=0;
        } else {
            literal++;
            current++;
        }
    }
    ioutput+=LZ48_encode_block(odata+ioutput,data,literaloffset,literal,0,0);
    *retlength=ioutput;
    return odata;
}

void LZ48_decode(unsigned char *data, unsigned char *odata) {
    int HL=0,DE=0;
    int literallength,matchlength,HLmatch;

    odata[DE++]=data[HL++];

    while (1) {
        literallength=(data[HL] & 0xF0)>>4;
        matchlength=(data[HL++] & 0xF);

        if (literallength==15) {
            while (data[HL]==255) {
                literallength+=255;
                HL++;
            }
            literallength+=data[HL++];
        }

        while (literallength>0) {
            odata[DE++]=data[HL++];
            literallength--;
        }

        /* matchkey */
        if (matchlength==15) {
            while (data[HL]==255) {
                matchlength+=255;
                HL++;
            }
            matchlength+=data[HL++];
        }
        matchlength+=3;
        if (data[HL]==0xFF) return;
        else HLmatch=DE-(data[HL++]+1);

        while (matchlength) {
            odata[DE++]=odata[HLmatch++];
            matchlength--;
        }
    }
}

unsigned char * LZ48_decrunch(unsigned char *data, int *osize) {
    int literallength,matchlength;
    int HL=1,DE=1;
    unsigned char *odata=NULL;

    while (1) {
        literallength=(data[HL] & 0xF0)>>4;
        matchlength=(data[HL++] & 0xF);
        if (literallength==15) {
            while (data[HL]==255) {
                literallength+=255;
                HL++;
            }
            literallength+=data[HL++];
        }

        DE+=literallength;
        HL+=literallength;

        /* matchkey */
        if (matchlength==15) {
            while (data[HL]==255) {
                matchlength+=255;
                HL++;
            }
            matchlength+=data[HL++];
        }
        matchlength+=3;
        if (data[HL]==0xFF) break;
        else HL++;

        DE+=matchlength;
    }
    *osize=DE;
    odata=(unsigned char*)malloc(*osize);
    if (!odata) {
        fprintf(stderr,"memory full\n");
        exit(-1);
    }
    LZ48_decode(data,odata);
    return odata;
}

void Usage() {
    printf("usage: lz48 <options>\n");
    printf("options are:\n");
    printf("-i <inputfile>\n");
    printf("-o <outputfile>\n");
    printf("-b hexatext output (enable if you forget outputfile)\n");
    printf("-d decrunch\n");
    printf("\n");
    exit(0);
}

int ParseOptions(char **argv,int argc, char **inputfilename, char **outputfilename, int *hexoutput, int *crunch) {
    int i=0;

    if (argv[i][0]=='-') {
        switch(argv[i][1]) {
            case 'O':
            case 'o':
                if (i+1<argc) *outputfilename=argv[i+1];
                i++;
                break;
            case 'I':
            case 'i':
                if (i+1<argc) *inputfilename=argv[i+1];
                i++;
                break;
            case 'D':
            case 'd':
                *crunch=0;
                break;
            case 'B':
            case 'b':
                *hexoutput=1;
                break;
            default:
                Usage();
        }
    } else
        Usage();
    return i;
}

/*
 *     GetParametersFromCommandLine
 *         retrieve parameters from command line and fill pointers to file names
 *         */
void GetParametersFromCommandLine(int argc, char **argv, char **inputfilename, char **outputfilename, int *hexoutput, int *crunch) {
#undef FUNC
#define FUNC "GetParametersFromCommandLine"
    int i;

    for (i=1; i<argc; i++)
        i+=ParseOptions(&argv[i],argc-i,inputfilename,outputfilename,hexoutput,crunch);

    if (!*inputfilename) Usage();
    if (!*outputfilename) *hexoutput=1;
}



int main(int argc, char **argv) {
    unsigned char *data=NULL,*newdata=NULL;
    char *inputfilename=NULL,*outputfilename=NULL;
    int hexoutput=0,isize,crunch=1;
    int newsize,i,cr;
    FILE *fin=NULL,*fout=stdout;

    fprintf(stderr,"LZ48 cruncher / roudoudou - Flower Corp. 2016\n");

    GetParametersFromCommandLine(argc,argv,&inputfilename,&outputfilename,&hexoutput,&crunch);

    fin=fopen(inputfilename,"rb");
    if (!fin) Usage();
    fseek(fin,0,SEEK_END);
    isize=ftell(fin);
    fseek(fin,0,SEEK_SET);
    data=(unsigned char*)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               malloc(isize);
    if (!data) {
        fprintf(stderr,"memory full\n");
        exit(-1);
    }
    if (fread(data,1,isize,fin)!=isize) {
        fprintf(stderr,"read error\n");
        exit(-1);
    }
    fclose(fin);
    switch (crunch) {
        case 0:
            newdata=LZ48_decrunch(data,&newsize);
            break;
        case 1:
            newdata=LZ48_encode(data,isize,&newsize);
            break;
    }
    printf("input: %d output: %d\n",isize,newsize);
    if (hexoutput) {
        for (i=cr=0; i<newsize; i++) {
            if (!cr) {
                printf("DEFB %02X",newdata[i]);
                cr=1;
            } else {
                if (cr==15) {
                    printf(",%02X\n",newdata[i]);
                    cr=0;
                } else {
                    printf(",%02X",newdata[i]);
                    cr++;
                }
            }
        }
        if (cr) printf("\n");
    } else {
        fout=fopen(outputfilename,"wb");
        if (!fout) Usage;
        if (fwrite(newdata,1,newsize,fout)!=newsize) {
            fprintf(stderr,"write error\n");
            exit(-1);
        }
        fclose(fout);
    }
   return 0;
}

Title: Re: LZ48 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 21:45, 26 September 16
bugfix Z80 cruncher: almost infinite loop when last key end in the last 3 bytes, or end the data

new release in the first post v017
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 22:55, 26 October 16
first post updated


here is a variant of LZ48 -> LZ49 with 9bits offset


decrunch is a very little nops slower and there is an average 10% compression gain


two new sources: lz49crunch & lz49decrunch in Z80 assembly


C version will follow






I'm currently working on evolutions for LZ48 & LZ49 (it's alread programmed, i have to test it first!)


This is:
- constant time execution for partial decrunching (nop precise)
- maximum time execution for partial decrunching (maximum in nops)

- constant time execution for stream decrunching
- maximum time execution for stream decrunching
- constant data size for stream decrunching
- constant crunched size for stream decrunching


Have fun!
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: Arnaud on 22:07, 11 November 16
Here a version compatible with SDCC / CPCTelera :
 [ You are not allowed to view attachments ]

And exe Compressor / Decompressor for Windows :
 [ You are not allowed to view attachments ]

@roudoudou (http://www.cpcwiki.eu/forum/index.php?action=profile;u=1714) : Can i adapt for WinCPCTelera the C decruncher version of your LZ248 (under GitHub) ?
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 17:40, 12 November 16
@Arnaud (http://www.cpcwiki.eu/forum/index.php?action=profile;u=1424) it will be a pleasure!
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: keith56 on 05:30, 18 January 17
Just did a quick test on this! it looks excellent! it compressed the 17k loading screen of my game down to 9k! Thanks for making such a great project!
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: GUNHED on 23:55, 25 April 18
Very nice! Will use it soon and report how it works :-)

Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: GUNHED on 16:28, 09 August 18
Hi I compressed a file with:


- Exomizer: 16,1 KB
- CPCT......: 21 KB
- BitBuster: 21 KB
- LZ49 .....: 22,7 KB


Well, I just need some cruncher to get under 16 KB. Hmpf!

Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: ComSoft6128 on 16:40, 09 August 18
Hi GUNHED,

This is from a long time ago but once or twice I used a CPM utility called "DU" or "Crunch" (?) to compress files, don't know how efficient it was/is, like I say it was a long long time ago.

Cheers,

Peter
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 09:48, 10 August 18
Hi I compressed a file

Well, I just need some cruncher to get under 16 KB. Hmpf!
What kind of file?
If you want to beat a generic cruncher you must use dedicated features. Or use the best cruncher which is very slow to decrunch sadly...
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: GUNHED on 17:00, 10 August 18
Well, I just need to get this file inside 16 KB... So I tried what it probably the best four choices for the CPC. However it's different for any file (I guess).  :)
It's also good to see that some CPC crunchers, still beat some PC programs  ;D


I'll attach the file I did use, if there is interest...

Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: reidrac on 12:34, 11 August 18
Well, I just need to get this file inside 16 KB... So I tried what it probably the best four choices for the CPC. However it's different for any file (I guess).  :)
It's also good to see that some CPC crunchers, still beat some PC programs  ;D


I'll attach the file I did use, if there is interest...

If you haven't checked it, look at Einar's zx7. It has the best compression on that family and it has very efficient decompressors supporting Z80.
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: GUNHED on 17:37, 12 August 18
Well, it just gets down to 20 KB. So Exomzer with 16,1 KB ist still the best, but only WinRAN can get it under 16 KB. Well, I'm afraid there is no WinRAR decompressor for the CPC.

Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 18:37, 12 August 18
Well, it just gets down to 20 KB. So Exomzer with 16,1 KB ist still the best, but only WinRAN can get it under 16 KB. Well, I'm afraid there is no WinRAR decompressor for the CPC.
15240 bytes with Shrinkler but you should consider the very slow decrunching time
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: GUNHED on 12:54, 14 August 18
15240 bytes with Shrinkler but you should consider the very slow decrunching time


Oh, thanks for the information - I will try immediately. Yes decrunching is slow, also very slow for Exomizer. LZ49 is far better (also CPCT is a well tool).  :) :) :)


EDIT: Sorry for getting offtopic here, anybody got a link for Shrinkler newest version?

Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 13:53, 14 August 18
http://www.cpcwiki.eu/forum/programming/shrinkler-z80-decrunch-routine/
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: ervin on 16:44, 16 October 18
Hi folks.

I'm having a weird problem with a fairly large .bin file.
I crunch it with lz48, but when I decrunch it (either in my CPC program, or with lz48.exe itself), it doesn't reproduce the original .bin file.
It starts to become different around 9% through.

The original .bin file is 13,121 bytes.
The decrunched .bin file is 12,836 bytes.

Has anyone experienced this sort of thing?

The attached zip file contains the following:
- the .asm file that the .bin is produced from (compiled using RASM)
- the .bin file (correct version)
- the .lz file
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 21:15, 16 October 18
i crunch the .bin with rasm directive incl48 and the crunched file is 295 bytes long instead of 294 in your archiveanyway the crunched files are quite different!!!so i guess your  exe is wrong?

Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: ervin on 02:45, 17 October 18
Ah, that's interesting.
I'll give it a try!
Thanks.

I had downloaded lz48.exe from this page:
https://www.octoate.de/wp/2016/12/31/lz48lz49-decompressor-for-the-amstrad-cpc/ (https://www.octoate.de/wp/2016/12/31/lz48lz49-decompressor-for-the-amstrad-cpc/)

Perhaps that executable was based on an older version of the compressor source code?

[EDIT] INCL48 worked! Thanks so much. 8)
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: uniabis on 09:56, 02 April 19


Binary of LZ49 Windows compressor & fixed LZ48 Windows compressor.


lz48_bin.zip and lz48_c_source.zip
Code: [Select]
int LZ48_encode_extended_length(unsigned char *odata, int length)
{
   int ioutput=0;
   while (length>255) {


lz48_v002.zip
Code: [Select]
   while (length>=255) {
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: ervin on 11:24, 02 April 19

Binary of LZ49 Windows compressor & fixed LZ48 Windows compressor.

lz48_bin.zip and lz48_c_source.zip
Code: [Select]
int LZ48_encode_extended_length(unsigned char *odata, int length)
{
   int ioutput=0;
   while (length>255) {

lz48_v002.zip
Code: [Select]
   while (length>=255) {

Hi there.

Ah, your first post to the forums.
 :)

Thanks for the new versions.
Is the greater-than check the only thing that has changed?
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 13:15, 02 April 19
I realise i did not released the constant time version...
Frames with max nops for decrunching
But also...
Frames with exact configurable nop count for decrunching
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: Shining on 22:56, 03 April 19
I'm really interested in a version with constant data size for stream decrunching...
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: TotO on 01:03, 04 April 19
Because it hang at 27% ?  :-\
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: Zik on 23:34, 19 April 19
Thank you Roudoudou for this work and for sharing! I am very interested in the LZ48/LZ49 variant you made from LZ4. I may use it in my software cause I need relatively fast compression time and very fast decompression time. 

So, here is a little contribution. 
First remark, you finally put offset byte at the end of the block (after match length), which is not what the diagrams of your first post show. Anyway. 

Then, I propose some small optimizations to the decrunching routine (see attachment). In short:I am also looking at the crunching routine but it is too soon to share my findings. For now, I could gain >30% time when crunching my reference file (the one that has worse compression ratio). 
First simple optimization is to move the ld bc,3 some lines away in LZ48_get_match_rescan...
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: LTronic on 00:23, 26 August 19
Hello,


I am having trouble getting the cruncher/decruncher working.
I am using lz48decrunch_v006.asm posted in this thread for decrunching on CPC, assembled with RASM, translated with DisArk in order to use with SDCC.
I don't think the C glue code is the source of the issue (C source code found on this forum..).


I am using lz48.c cruncher I compiled on Linux (not sure which version I picked... command line stated it's from 2016).


Crunching / Decrunching in command line on Linux works, not on CPC.
I think I might have a version mismatch here.


Which files should I get ?


Thanks for your help !


[EDIT] : Please disregard, I finally got it working thanks to Arnaud6128 SDCC glue code. source and and target were reversed in my code....
Title: Re: LZ48/LZ49 Z80 cruncher/decruncher
Post by: roudoudou on 15:20, 26 August 19
last versions are all in this threadi can't help you more without the dataif this is not a secret, send me a mail with thoses datasregards