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279 bytes added, 27 January
Introduction: what is the UPD7810?
[[Image:NEC-D7810HG-chip.jpg|thumb|NEC uPD7810 Chip<br>(QUIP-64 package)]]
== Introduction ==
The UPD7810 and UPD7811 are two very similar microcontrollers implemented with NMOS technology. In the Amstrad world they were used as the driving heart of the [[Amstrad/Schneider DMP2000 Printer|DMP-series printers]] and others.
== Disassembler ==
The assembler syntax is rather confusing.
* The opcode names are unneccessariy complicateunneccessarily complicated. For example, instead of using "MOV" for all transfers, there are lots of commands; depending on whether the operands are 8bit or 16bit, registers, immediates, internal or external memory locations, etc.
* Conditionals are pretty unconventional: Unlike as on other CPUs, there are no opcodes like "jump if equal", instead there are opcodes like "compare and if equal then skip next opcode".<br>The next opcode becomes conditionally executed, aside from conditional jumps, this can be also used with other opcodes, so one can program conditional MOV, OR, AND, CALL, etc.<br>Altogether it's pretty cool - once when one is familar with it. The "if-then-skip" requires some reverse thinking since humans would tendencially prefer "if-then-execute".<br>Aside from comparisions there are some other opcodes that set the skip flag, some rotate commands, and decrement commands (where the skip condition is N=-1, not N=0) (to implement a decrement without skip one must put a NOP behind it).<br>There are two other conditional effects: Some opcodes like "LXI HL,imm16" cause any following "LXI HL,imm16" opcode(s) to be skipped; when used after a compare opcode, this can produce a IF-THEN-ELSE effect; it can be also useful when "in-jumping" into a function. Finally, RETS performs are RET and sets the skip-flag (so the next opcode, at the return address/after the CALL opcode, will be skipped)
* [[Media:UPD7811G Datasheet.pdf|uPD7811G Datasheet]] (8bit CPU with 4096 byte ROM, 256 byte RAM, 44 I/O lines)
* [[Media:UPD78C11A Datasheet.pdf|uPD78C11A Datasheet]] (CMOS version of uPD7811, this datasheet version includes some info fragments on MODE0/MODE1 pins)