Last modified on 19 December 2010, at 12:36

CIO Overview

The Zilog Z8536 CIO is a Counter and I/O chip.

CPU Interface

The CPU accesses the CIO via four I/O ports: three Data ports, and one Control port, the latter one giving access to not less than 48 registers.

Data Ports

  • Data Port A (same as CIO Register 0Dh) (R/W)
  • Data Port B (same as CIO Register 0Eh) (R/W)
  • Data Port C (same as CIO Register 0Fh) (R/W)

These three ports allow to access Data Port A-C directly, using a single IN/OUT opcode (alternately, they can be also accessed in two-opcode form, via the Control Port, with Register Number = 0Dh..0Fh).

Control Port

  • Control Port (R/W)

This port gives access to all CIO registers. First write the desired register number, then read/write the corresponding register's data:

 First Access:
   6bit CIO Register Number (00h..2Fh)              (Write Only)
 Second Access:
   8bit Data read/written to/from selected register (Read/Write)

The First/Second Access Flipflop is TOGGLED on any write, and CLEARED on any read (ie. a dummy read can be used to force it to First Access state). A special case is the reset feature: After setting register[00h].Bit0=1, the chip gets stuck in the 2nd Access phase, until one writes Bit0=0 in a 3rd access.

For details on the Registers, see CIO Registers (Summary), and CIO Registers (Detailed).

Port A/B/C Features

 Port A (PA0-PA7) - 8bit I/O Port
 Port B (PB0-PB7) - 8bit I/O Port, or Counter/Timer 1 and 2
 Port C (PC0-PC3) - 4bit I/O Port, Counter/Timer 3, or handshake /WAIT REQ

Port B/C - Counter/Timer External Access Modes

 Counter/Timer Output  PB 4    PB 0    PC 0
 Counter Input         PB 5    PB 1    PC 1
 Trigger Input         PB 6    PB 2    PC 2
 Gate Input            PB 7    PB 3    PC 3

Port C Bit I/O and Special Modes

 Port A/B Configuration_______PC3__________PC2__________PC1__________PC0_____
 Ports A and B: Bit Ports     Bit I/O      Bit I/O      Bit I/O      Bit I/O
 Port A: Input or Output Port RFD or /DAV  /ACKIN       REQ/WAIT     Bit I/O
   (Interlocked, Strobed or
   Pulsed Handshake) (*)
 Port B: Input or Output Port REQ/WAIT     Bit I/O      RFD or /DAV  /ACKIN
   (Interlocked, Strobed or
   Pulsed Handshake) (*)
 Port A or B: Input Port      RFD (Out)    /DAV (In)    REQ/WAIT     DAC (Out)
   (3-Wire Handshake)
 Port A or B: Output Port     /DAV (Out)   DAC (In)     REQ/WAIT     RFD (In)
   (3-Wire Handshake)
 Port A or B: Bidirectional   RFD or /DAV  /ACKIN       REQ/WAIT     IN/OUT
   Port (Interlocked or
   Strobed Handshake)

(*) Both Ports A and B can be specified input or output with Interlocked, Strobed, or Pulsed Handshake at the same time if neither uses REOUEST/WAIT. Notes: All pins marked "REQ/WAIT" can be REQUEST/WAIT, or Bit I/O. /DAV means Data Available, RFD means Ready for Data, DAC means whatever?.